FLORA HYDROPONICS -what are hydroponics?

Want to grow flowers in your backyard but no land adequate? Are you imagining flower can grow without soil? Don’t worry, you are not mad! Flora Hydroponics give you solution!

A system has been made to support the life for plants. No soil involved, just a water that has been enriched with mineral elements provided to the flora.

Flora Hydroponics

Flora Hydroponics will not let the plants search for their own nutrients in soil, instead, the nutrients are all provided. Any issues about production depletion addressed to no-soil-grown-plants, scientists throughout many years have found many and certain formulas of macro- and microelements which control plant nutrition, and as the consequences, the production increase. Sun and earth, as mother nature, usually provide necessary light source and nutrients, but its task can be replaced by any Flora Hydroponics garderners. The gardeners can provide the plants with adequate light source and appropriate portion of nutrients.

No land ? Don’t worry, as long as the temperature, light, CO2 and O2 concentration, pH and nutrients are monitored, Flora Hydroponics can be established in many indoor facilities. Even you can make floating Hydroponics with Aeroponics. Aeroponics is hydroponics implementation without a medium to grow, although a small amount may be used to germinate the seed or root a cutting, suspended in a chamber of air and is misted with mineral enriched water in timed intervals.


Curious with what hydroponics world will provide you? Wait for next interesting topics on Hydroponics !

So, let’s start your Flora Hydroponics experience !

Making Your Own Hydroponics Nutrients

It has come to my attention over the years that there are many interested in making their own hydroponics nutrients so I have provided a few recipes.  The weights shown in the following tables are based on making 1 gallon of stock nutrient solution. To make more than a gallon, multiply the gram weights by the total gallons of stock nutrient solution you require, for example, 2, 5, and so forth.

making your own hydroponics nutrient

These formulas have all been tested with a wide variety of plants in the same hydroponics system, and have performed quite well. However, your results will depend upon the quality of raw materials and the precision with which you combine them.  To mix your nutrient solution, fill an empty container with clean, warm water. Multiply the listed gram weights of each specific salt by however many gallons your container holds and dissolve each salt one at a time before adding the next. Once all salts are dissolved, allow the solution to cool before diluting it for production use in your reservoir.  You will need an EC or TDS/PPM meter to determine how much of these stock solutions you will need to dilute into each gallon of water in your reservoir.

To make 1.00 gallon(s) of VEGETATIVE NUTRIENT 9.5 - 5.67 - 11.3
6.00 grams of Calcium Nitrate Ca(NO3)2
2.09 grams of Potassium Nitrate KNO3
0.46 grams of Sulfate of Potash K2SO4
1.39 grams of Monopotassium Phosphate KH2PO4
2.42 grams of Magnesium Sulfate MgSO4 * 7H2O
0.40 grams of 7% Fe Chelated Trace Elements

To make 1.00 gallon(s) of FRUITING NUTRIENT 8.2 - 5.9 - 13.6
8.00 grams of Calcium Nitrate Ca(NO3)2
2.80 grams of Potassium Nitrate KNO3
1.70 grams of Sulfate of Potash K2SO4
1.39 grams of Monopotassium Phosphate KH2PO4
2.40 grams of Magnesium Sulfate MgSO4 * 7H2O
0.40 grams of 7% Fe Chelated Trace Elements

To make 1.00 gallon(s) of FLOWERING NUTRIENT 5.5 - 7.97 - 18.4
Use 4.10 grams of Calcium Nitrate Ca(NO3)2
2.80 grams of Potassium Nitrate KNO3
0.46 grams of Sulfate of Potash K2SO4
1.39 grams of Monopotassium Phosphate KH2PO4
2.40 grams of Magnesium Sulfate MgSO4 * 7H2O
0.40 grams of 7% Fe Chelated Trace Elements 

Chelated Trace Element Mix
Iron Fe 7.00% CopperCu 0.10%
Manganese Mn 2.00% Boron B 1.30%
Zinc Zn 0.40% Molybdenum Mo 0.06%

Indoor Garden Fluorescent Lamp

Nothing beats the Sun when it comes to growing,  however, new types of High Intensity Discharge lighting have made growing indoor garden a viable alternative.  Many of  you are familiar with indoor garden fluorescent lamp designed to grow plants indoors.  These products are fine for low-light plants where limited results are expected. But what if you want to achieve the ultimate growth potential of your favorite plants indoors? or, supplement sunlight in your hydroponics growbox or hydroponics system?  Your answer is to use High Intensity Discharge lighting, or HID for short. These lighting systems consist of a lamp, reflector and power supply and are designed to provide the maximum output of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) for the amount of power consumed. HID lighting systems can illuminate your indoor garden with the right quality and quantity of light to make for impressive results. Horticultural HID lighting is used by the world’s premier growers to provide many benefits simply unattainable with conventional fluorescent and incandescent lamps.  HID lighting allows commercial growers to increase crop yields, bring crops to market on schedule and produce crops when out of season, making them even more valuable to the consumer market. HID lighting is so efficient and powerful that many indoor growers turn a healthy profit even after the initial investment and the monthly electric bills have been paid.

fluorescent lamp

Until recently, HID lighting for horticulture has been prohibitively expensive for everyday flora hydroponics gardeners due to a limited market and the costs of production. But thanks to the ingenious new lighting products by manufacturers, lighting costs have been reduced to the point where everyone can enjoy their benefits.

Produce CO2 for Hydroponics

One of my readers informed me of a simple way to create and distribute CO2 indoors using a few inexpensive parts. It is just a simple technique to produce CO2 for hydroponics. You’ll need a one gallon milk jug, a pound of sugar, enough water to dissolve the sugar, a packet of yeast, and some tubing. Begin by drilling a small tight hole in the cap of your one gallon jug, then pass a length of 1/4" air tubing through it just enough so that it hangs inside the bottle. The other end should be placed near your plants, preferably behind a fan that will evenly distribute the CO2 throughout your hydroponics system garden area. Fill your container with one pound of sugar, add warm water and stir until completely dissolved (make sure you leave an air space at the top of the container so the tubing doesn’t go under water)  Add the packet of yeast, replace the cap and stir. CO2 will be released gradually as the yeast begins to digest the sugar. Recharge your "CO2 Generator" with fresh water, sugar and yeast once per week

produce CO2 for hydroponics

Autopot vs. Vertical Garden


Relatively new to the market here in the US is the Autopot.  A unique, self-feeding planter that has proven very reliable in commercial installations around the world. Within each Autopot double tray module resides a “SmartValve” that automatically sub-irrigates plants with nutrient solution on demand. Since the SmartValve can be gravity fed, there is no need for pumps and timers for small installations (20 trays or less). This makes the Autopot ideal for use in unsupervised locations or where access to electricity is limited. One of the largest benefits when using these systems commercially is the elimination of wasted water and nutrients, since the SmartValve feeds ONLY when needed, with no waste. Another nice benefit of these systems is that a multitude of hydroponics mediums may be used including Coconut coir, perlite, rockwool cubes and fine gravel.  Inset photo shows SmartValve.

vertical garden

This is another interesting application of aeroponics.  It was invented by Vertigro and represents a great way of saving greenhouse space to build vertical garden.  The system functions much in the same fashion as an aeroponic system except it shares a drain pipe with as many units as required.  See the black hoses below growing cylinders.  Vertigro provided the systems pictured here for Disney’s Epcot Center in Florida.  As you can see, hydroponic system design represents equal opportunity for a challenge and progress.  If you can master the basic skills of plumbing, which can be picked up best by DOING, you can have lots of fun experimenting and improving upon the hydroponic systems in use today.  In a later section of this book you will learn how to build your own hydroponic and aeroponic systems that employ these advanced techniques

Aeroponic System

The newest technology to become developed within agriculture is actually Aeroponic, a method when a plant’s roots are watered midair. The plants are usually suspended through baskets (much like those by which strawberries are packaged) towards the top of a shut trough or cylinder. With the actual plants suspended in this way, all important nourishment could be provided towards the roots through spraying them with a nutrient solution. Since the actual roots tend to be suspended in midair, they receive the most of air possible. This process is also probably the most nutrient-efficient, since you need just provide exactly what the vegetation require, and any kind of nutrient that isn't absorbed is actually drained back to the tank and recycled similar to the previous hydroponics system. It is very important that the actual atmosphere where the roots grow is sustained at 100% relative humidity to avoid dehydration.

aeroponic system

The drawback in current aeroponic hydroponic system is sustaining root health in case of pump breakdown or lack of power. With no spray associated with nutrient overflowing water, root systems won't remain health for lengthy. They may rapidly dry out and die. However, the elevated oxygenation that's received through the plant’s root structure advantages growth from an unparalleled level and it has been scientifically shown to increase harvest yields by around 10 times compare to soil.




Rockwool is made of molten rock that's spun into long, glass-like materials. These materials are after that compressed in to bricks as well as cubes, or even sold free as "flock. " Rockwool is definitely used in order to insulate buildings beside fiberglass, and is a mainstay within commercial flora hydroponics going back to twenty years ago. It easily absorbs water and it has decent drainage qualities, which is the reason why it can be used widely as a starting medium for seeds along with a rooting mediums for cuttings. For me, the ultimate advantage of rockwool is actually its sterility from pathogens and anything else that may contaminate the hydroponic systems. Some from the world’s biggest hydroponic greenhouses make use of rockwool slabs to boost numerous types of plants grow to full maturation, and they frequently reuse the actual rockwool slabs often by vapour-sterilizing the slabs between plants.

Lately I've noticed the decline in using rockwool through the hydroponics enthusiast. From what I've observed, this can be due to some wider feeling of environment responsibility to prevent using items that trigger pollution using their manufacturing procedure, as may be the case along with rockwool. A term of extreme caution should you choose to work along with rockwool. Lots of people find its dust is actually irritating towards the skin, which prospects me to think there might be a comparable effect within the lungs in the event that its dirt is inhaled.